02 Nov Marijuana and Meth are the Most Abused Illicit Drugs in Iowa
In Iowa, marijuana and methamphetamine are the most abused illicit drugs, according to the 2010 Iowa Drug Control Strategy. Alcohol continues to be the most frequently abused substance in the state. The report also states that prescription drug abuse appears to be on the rise.
“Based on primary substance abuse treatment admission data from the Iowa Department of Public Health, alcohol accounts for about 61 percent of all clients, followed by 23 percent who are there primarily for marijuana and almost 8percent mainly for meth,” said Gary Kendell, Iowa’s Drug Policy Coordinator and Director of the Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy. “All available evidence indicates more Iowans are abusing prescription and over-the-counter drugs too.”
Kendell presented Iowa’s new drug control strategy Monday to White House Office of National Drug Control Policy Director Gil Kerlikowske during a discussion with officials at the Iowa Capitol in Des Moines. Kerlikowske was in Iowa to gather input for the Obama Administration’s first National Drug Control Strategy, due to be released early next year.
“Coordination at all levels and across borders is required to reduce drug abuse and related issues such as crime, and I’m pleased Director Kerlikowske has come to Iowa to listen as state and local officials share experiences that may relate to the national drug control plan,” said Kendell.
Iowa’s strategy, developed in coordination with the State’s Drug Policy Advisory Council, calls for a balance of substance abuse prevention and treatment programming, as well as drug enforcement.
Prescription drug abuse continues to emerge as Iowa’s fastest growing form of substance abuse. The Iowa Division of Narcotics Enforcement opened 243 percent more pharmaceutical cases and seized 412 percent more pharmaceutical units last year, compared with the previous year. Another indicator of the growth in medicine abuse is the 1,225 percent increase since 2002 in public calls to the Statewide Poison Control Center to identify hydrocodone and oxycodone pain pills.
In response to these developments, the Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy recently launched Iowa’s first statewide prescription and over-the-counter drug abuse awareness campaign, featuring the new website www.TakeADoseOfTruth.com.
After trending downward over the last five years, methamphetamine use in Iowa has increased again. The resurgence is reflected in small increases in meth-related treatment admission rates, cases of manufacturing meth in the presence of a minor, and, for the second straight year, the existence of meth labs.
Implementation of an electronic pseudoephedrine sales tracking database is slated for early next year to further curb meth labs. Due largely to the drop in meth labs since 2004, drug-related prison admissions were down for the fifth year in a row last year.
Marijuana potency has generally increased in Iowa in recent years, according to law enforcement officials. And while the Iowa Department of Public Health reports that marijuana was the primary substance of abuse for more than 23 percent of all treatment clients last year, it was cited as the drug of choice by almost 56 percent of juvenile substance abuse clients during that same period.
Alcohol consumption in Iowa, based on sales, increased for the eighth straight year in State Fiscal 2009 to 2.1 gallons of absolute alcohol sales per capita, according to Iowa’s Alcoholic Beverages Division. That’s a nearly 50 percent increase in alcohol sales/consumption over the last decade, representing the highest level in recent history, and coinciding with 61 percent of treatment clients citing alcohol as their primary substance of abuse.
“The good news is that almost all categories of substance abuse by Iowa youth continue to decline, and we have the nation’s lowest rate of illicit drug use by youth according to recent state and national surveys,” said Kendell.
“Substance abuse prevention and treatment programs, and law enforcement initiatives are working relatively well among some segments of the population, but considerable work remains to keep Iowans from starting to use drugs and to get those who’ve started to stop.”
The report includes the following recommendations by Iowa’s Drug Policy Coordinator:
• Regulate Salvia divinorum by making it a Schedule 1 Controlled Substance, to protect Iowans from the potentially intense and debilitating effects of this hallucinogenic herb.
• Require utilization of Iowa’s Prescription Monitoring Program by all prescribers (physicians, etc.) and pharmacists, and increase law enforcement access to the database to improve patient care and citizen safety.
• Require full substance abuse and mental health parity to increase access to treatment, reduce crime, and retain workers in Iowa.
• Require substance abuse prevention education as part of the Iowa Core Curriculum to enhance student health and prevent unsafe behavior.
• Resist efforts to legalize the smoking of marijuana for medical or other purposes, based on the consensus of science and other medical evidence.
• Enhance community-based corrections supervision of offenders, including drug testing, to improve offender rehabilitation and accountability in a cost-efficient manner.
• Continue enhancing and implementing a comprehensive plan to reduce underage and binge drinking, including possible policy changes and environmental prevention strategies.
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