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Tag: dopamine

Physical Effects of Methamphetamine Abuse and Addiction

Posted on February 17, 2013 in Stimulants

Methamphetamine, also known by street terms such as meth, crank, speed, crystal and ice, is a drug that stimulates your central nervous system by dramatically increasing the presence of an important brain chemical called dopamine. Although the drug is produced in limited quantities by pharmaceutical companies for legitimate medical purposes, many people who abuse methamphetamine or develop an addiction use products made illegally in homemade “meth labs.” Meth abuse and addiction can trigger a wide range of catastrophic changes in normal health, including brain damage, severe tooth and skin damage, and significantly increased risks for contraction of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis.

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Dexedrine Addiction

Posted on February 3, 2013 in Stimulants

DexedrineDextroamphetamine was originally discovered in Germany in the 1880s, and later heavily used by both Nazi and Allied soldiers and factory workers during World War II to improve their alertness and enable them to do without sleep.

By the 1950s, dextroamphetamine was available as “Benzedrine,” an over-the-counter inhaler for asthma and other respiratory problems.  Dextroamphetamine pills were sold as weight loss aids and “energizers” in drug stores and by prescription throughout the 1960s, until the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency classified dextroamphetamine as an addictive substance.

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Propofol Addiction

Posted on January 28, 2013 in Prescription Drug Addiction

Propofol AddictionThe death of superstar Michael Jackson, like his strange life, captivated his public. According to his doctor, the singer’s bizarre last words were, “Please give me my milk. I need my milk to sleep. It is the only thing that will work.”

As it turned out, Jackson was pleading for an injection of a general anesthesia called Propofol, nicknamed “milk of amnesia.” Propofol does look like milk, except shinier and oilier, and apparently, Jackson was using it to get to sleep. Since he traveled in the 1990s with an anesthesiologist on his staff, celebrity watchers speculated that the superstar may have been addicted to Propofol for some time. But how could it be possible to be addicted to a general anesthesia used for surgeries?

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Comparing Dopamine Release in Addiction and Mental Disorders

Posted on October 26, 2012 in Research & News

There is a high rate of co-morbidity among patients with mental disorders and substance addictions. As treatment centers more on the health of the whole patient, rather than simply targeting symptoms for improvement, it is helpful to understand the overlap between mental disorders and substance abuse.

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A Cure for Opioid Addiction?

Posted on September 18, 2012 in Prescription Drug Addiction

Opioids are a class of drugs that are related to the natural compounds found in the opium poppy. Heroin is an illegal opioid drug, but there are also prescription opioids like morphine and oxycodone that can create severe addictions in users. New and exciting research conducted by scientists at the University of Colorado and at the University of Adelaide in Australia has great potential for preventing devastating addictions to opioid drugs and for creating breakthrough treatments for those who are already addicted. By shifting the focus of opioid action in the body from the nervous system to the immune system, the researchers have made an amazing discovery.

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Drug Side Effects Lead to Addictive Behavior

Posted on August 13, 2012 in Research & News

Researchers are finding that Parkinson’s patients are struggling with the side effects of their medications. According to a recent medical article, the obsessive nature of these side effects are causing Parkinson’s sufferers to turn to addictive behaviors.

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Tainted Cocaine Can Lead to Serious Infections

Posted on March 15, 2012 in Cocaine

Although the presence of cocaine within the United States has been dropping in recent years, the dangers associated with the drug have recently gone up. Drug traffickers are lacing cocaine with a medicine known as levamisole and this drug is responsible for a number of serious side effects including death. Levamisole came onto the market in the 1960s as a medicine used by veterinarians to de-worm animals. In the 1990s the drug was reintroduced as an FDA-approved chemotherapy medication for colorectal cancer. Levamisole later voluntarily left the market due to its adverse effects.

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The Role of Exercise in Addiction Recovery

Posted on October 28, 2011 in Recovery

No one appreciates a good “high” like an addict. But while the high produced by drugs and alcohol destroys your physical and emotional health, a natural high can actually help you heal.

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Contaminated Cocaine Triggering Skin Death, Infection

Posted on June 24, 2011 in Cocaine

Cocaine that has been contaminated with a de-worming drug commonly used by veterinarians seems to be causing a skin disorder in cocaine users. Purpura, a condition that causes crusty, purplish areas of dead skin that are extremely painful and can lead to severe infections, has been associated with contaminated cocaine in several cases.

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From Drug Use to Drug Addiction: No Longer Having a Choice

Posted on February 9, 2011 in Research & News

Seventy-five years ago two men came together and agreed that they had no power over their addictions. The power to quit would have to come not from their will power but from somewhere else. It took 75 years for science to catch up to what the founders of Alcoholics Anonymous figured out intuitively — addicts have no choice but to continue to use and reuse whatever drug or substance they are addicted to because they cannot stop. Addiction is by definition a habit that is beyond rational choice.

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