Xanax, also known by its generic name Alprazolman, belongs to the class of medications called benzodiazepines and is a Schedule IV controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA). The drug affects the chemicals in the brain by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a chemical in the body that is naturally calming. When the GABA receptor is affected by the drug certain nerve signals in the brain are slowed down or stopped, relieving the patient from feelings of panic and depression.
Xanax is used to treat anxiety and panic disorders, but it may be used for other purposes as prescribed by a physician. Xanax is an oral medication. The recommended dosage for adults varies depending on a patient’s medical condition and response to therapy. You should not take Xanax if you have any known allergies to this or any other benzodiazepines, such as lorazepam (Ativan), clorazepate (Tranxene), or diazepam (Valium). Do not take the medication if you are pregnant as it may cause unknown birth defects to an unborn child. Xanax passes into breast milk and is not recommended for women who are currently nursing an infant. Do not drink alcohol while taking Xanax because the medication can increase the side effects of alcohol.
Before taking Xanax, inform your doctor of your complete medical history, especially if you have had or are currently experiencing any of the following: breathing problems, liver or kidney disease, glaucoma, depression, or a history of addiction to drugs or alcohol.
Some of the common side effects associated with Xanax include dizziness, drowsiness, slurred speech, and clumsiness. Less common side affects are stomach or abdominal cramps, blurred vision, dry mouth, diarrhea, headache, and nausea or vomiting. Inform your doctor if any of the side effects listed above persist or worsen. Tell your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following serious side effects: yellowing eyes or skin, rash, trouble breathing, or sever dizziness.
Long term usage of Xanax may lead to tolerance and physical dependence can and has occurred. The medication should only be used as prescribed. Withdrawal symptoms, such as seizures, increased anxiety, and insomnia, may occur if you suddenly stop taking Xanax or reduce the dosage too quickly. The dosage should be reduced gradually as under the guidance of your physician.
For more information on Xanax, please contact your physician or pharmacist.