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Tag: cocaine addiction

Have Researchers Found a Way to Prevent Cocaine Relapse?

Posted on June 3, 2015 in Cocaine

Have Researchers Found a Way to Prevent Cocaine Relapse?

People addicted to cocaine have fairly high chances of relapsing back into active drug use while attempting to establish abstinence. Unfortunately, there is no medication that consistently helps prevent such a relapse. However, in a study published in October 2014 in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, a team of American researchers uncovered a potential method of stopping cocaine-related relapses from occurring. This method relies on the slight alteration of a part of the brain that normally supports relapse in people recovering from cocaine addiction.

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Are Cocaine Addiction and Nicotine Addiction Related?

Posted on April 16, 2015 in Cocaine

Are Cocaine Addiction and Nicotine Addiction Related?Cocaine is an illegal/illicit drug of abuse that belongs to a larger class of substances known as stimulants. Nicotine is a legal recreational substance that produces both stimulating and depressing effects inside the brain and body. Repeated consumption of either cocaine or nicotine can trigger the characteristic changes in brain function that mark the onset of addiction. In a study published in 2014 in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, a team of researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University looked at the common origins of cocaine addiction and nicotine addiction. These researchers concluded that both forms of addiction rely partly on access to the same pathway to the brain.

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The Facts about Crack Cocaine

Posted on April 1, 2015 in Cocaine

The Facts about Crack CocaineCrack cocaine, or crack, is a serious, highly addictive and extremely dangerous drug. It exploded on the illegal drug scene in the 1980s and became popular with drug users. Crack use and the resulting crimes during that decade spurred a number of laws related to the drug war, including mandatory minimum sentencing for drug offenses. Today, crack is not nearly as big of a problem as it once was, but it is still around and still causing serious harm. Addiction, overdose and health problems like crack lung are consequences of using this street drug.

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Cocaine Addicts Have High Sensitivity to Drug Cues in Images

Posted on May 24, 2014 in Cocaine

Researchers and addiction specialists know that any given person’s chances of using drugs or alcohol can rise substantially in the presence of conscious or unconscious substance-related cues that come from within the mind or from the surrounding environment. Much of the scientific work done to explore these cues has focused on the influence of verbal or spoken memories. In a study published in March 2014 in The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, researchers from Rutgers University explored the impact of visual memories on the chances that young adults addicted to cocaine will seek out and consume either cocaine or another substance of abuse.

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Stimulating Neurons Blocks Desire for Cocaine

Posted on July 26, 2013 in Cocaine

Stimulating Neurons Blocks Desire for Cocaine Scientists have uncovered a neuron stimulation practice that could reduce the drive to use cocaine in those gripped by addiction to the stimulant.

Scientists have keyed on two groups of neurons that they describe as “sluggish” in their studies on cocaine-addicted lab rats. By stimulating these groups of neurons, the scientists have eased the rats’ drive to seek out a cocaine fix.

The prelimbic cortex is the area of the brain where impulse control and reward-drive are controlled. This area is where a person’s strength or weakness in self-control is located. Scientists didn’t know if the prelimbic cortex in cocaine-addicted rats was weak to begin with or if the cocaine played a roll in breaking down the self-control mechanism. Scientists rigged the test situation so that the cocaine-addicted rats would press a lever to receive a dose of cocaine. Eventually, the rats were given an electric shock one-third of the time they pushed the lever. A majority of them stopped pushing the lever all-together, but 30 percent continued despite the risk of shock.

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Research Identifies Brain Mechanism Involved in Cocaine Addiction

Posted on January 27, 2012 in Research & News

Understanding cocaine addiction is central to treating it. Scientists have long known that there are certain areas of the brain related to pleasure and reward that are activated by certain behaviors, like eating dessert or using drugs or alcohol. The research in this area has been narrowing down the region and specific neurons involved with cocaine addiction.

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New Vaccine Could Help People Addicted to Cocaine

Posted on January 10, 2011 in Cocaine

New research has found that a vaccine can block the effects of cocaine by combining elements of the common cold virus with a particle that mimics cocaine. This could be the first medication to treat cocaine addiction, and could help treat other addictions, such as nicotine and opiates.

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Genetic Variant Increases Risk of Severe Cocaine Abuse in Whites

Posted on December 27, 2010 in Cocaine

A new study has found that nearly one is five white individuals carries a genetic variant that significantly increases his or her odds of severely abusing cocaine. This variant, which is characterized by tiny gene mutations, changes the brain’s response to the rewarding effects of substances such as cocaine. Ohio State University researchers found that carriers of the variant were more than three times more likely to be susceptible to cocaine abuse, which can lead to overdose and death.

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Exercise May be Beneficial for Overcoming Cocaine Addiction

Posted on December 3, 2010 in Drug Addiction Treatment

Exercise is beneficial to many systems in the body and also affects mood positively. It elevates the heart rate, improves muscle strength and builds immunity. Mentally, people who exercise generally experience less depression and anxiety. Exercise is one of the basic components for a healthy lifestyle.

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Patent Medicines with Addictive Substances Necessitated Food and Drug Act

Patent Medicines with Addictive Substances Necessitated Food and Drug Act

Posted on October 3, 2010 in Drug Law News

When many people think of patent medicines, they conjure up images of wagons going town to town with sales agents promoting “cure alls,” or of the days of the old west when these drugs gained large-scale popularity. Many people may not realize, however, that patent medicines of the late 1800s and early 1900s contained dangerous drugs like heroin and opium, often without knowledge to the user. The drugs were heavily advertised, and their abuse helped contribute to the establishment of today’s drug regulations that help safeguard millions of prescriptions and over-the-counter medications.

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