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Tag: anxiety

Unsuccessful Smoking Cessation Attempts Can Lead to Anxiety, Depression

Posted on May 21, 2014 in Nicotine Addiction

Unsuccessful Smoking Cessation Attempts Can Lead to Anxiety, DepressionSmoking cessation is the generally accepted umbrella term for a broad range of techniques that doctors and laypeople can use to combat nicotine addiction and promote the establishment of a cigarette-free lifestyle. In a study set for publication in April 2014 in the journal Addictive Behaviors, researchers from two U.S. universities sought to discover if an unsuccessful smoking cessation attempt temporarily increases the chance that a given individual will develop serious symptoms of anxiety or depression, or become involved in some sort of suicidal thinking. 

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Paxil Addiction

Posted on February 5, 2013 in Prescription Drug Addiction

In 2012 the drug company GlaxoSmithKline agreed to pay $8.5 million to settle claims stemming from Grair v. GlaxoSmithKline, a class-action lawsuit filed in California. Plaintiffs alleged that the company promoted Paxil as a non-habit-forming, non-addictive drug and withheld information about a withdrawal syndrome experienced when you stop using the drug. The company’s literature and the Paxil label never referred to “withdrawal syndrome,” a term used in drug addiction literature, but rather to “discontinuation syndrome.” GlaxoSmithKline advised ABC Primetime News in 2004 that only 2% of patients experience discontinuation symptoms even though their internal documents indicated that the rate was actually 62%.

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Klonopin (Clonazepam) Addiction

Posted on February 4, 2013 in Prescription Drug Addiction

Klonopin AddictionTen years ago Klonopin was the sixth most abused substance in the United States, but today it has dropped somewhat in rank because so many people are abusing narcotic painkillers. Nevertheless, Klonopin is widely available and widely abused, especially in certain parts of the country. In Atlanta and Los Angeles, Klonopin and similar benzodiazepines rank second in drug-related causes of death after narcotic painkillers and cocaine; in Chicago, Klonopin is the third most abused drug; and in New York, it is in the top five. Over 20,000 Americans a year receive emergency medical treatment because of Klonopin.

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Miltown, Equanil (Meprobamate) Addictions

Posted on February 1, 2013 in Prescription Drug Addiction

Meprobamate AddictionWhen Miltown came out in 1954, it was a miracle drug. Miltown, along with other newly invented “minor” tranquilizers introduced in the era, enabled half of the patients in America’s mental hospitals to be released and lead everyday lives, saving taxpayers billions of dollars. At that time, Americans had not yet become cynical about drugs. “Staying calm” was a virtue when nuclear war was a threat. Indeed, the U.S. Civil Defense Department advised the public to keep a supply of tranquilizers in their fallout shelters.

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Ativan Addiction

Posted on January 26, 2013 in Prescription Drug Addiction

Ativan AddictionAtivan works as both a tranquilizer and a sedative at the same time. Its active ingredient, Lorapezam, slows down the central nervous system and produces feelings of relaxation and calmness that last six to 12 hours. Ativan is one of 15 benzodiazepines marketed in the United States – an additional 20 more are sold worldwide. These drugs are extremely popular and commonly prescribed. One in four American women are taking psychoactive medicines, one in ten American adults take such drugs to get to sleep, and half the students seen at their college clinics receive either benzodiazepines or antidepressants, according to the New England Journal of Medicine. American doctors write about 30 million prescriptions for benzodiazepines every year, and Ativan always takes second place among the most frequently prescribed.

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Using Drugs to Relieve Anxiety Increases Risk for Addictions

Posted on August 15, 2011 in Research & News

Some people use drugs and alcohol as a way to relieve anxiety, depression, anger, and other unwanted feelings. This is called “self-medication,” and now a new study indicates that people who self-medicate this way are more likely to develop substance abuse disorders.

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Anti-Anxiety Medications Have Addictive Nature

Anti-Anxiety Medications Have Addictive Nature

Posted on July 19, 2010 in Prescription Drug Addiction

Anxiety is a familiar feeling for thousands of people on a daily basis, ranging in severity from mildly uncomfortable to life-debilitating. Though not a commonly known term to the lay public, anti-anxiety medications and drugs to help treat panic disorder are also called anxiolytic drugs. These medications bring about a sense of calm, but should not be prescribed without close supervision, due to their addictive properties.

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Valium

Posted on June 1, 2010 in Prescription Drug Addiction

Valium (or diazepam) is an anti-anxiety drug found in the family of drugs called benzodiazepines, home to Xanaz (alprazolam), Ativan (lorazepam), and Klonopin (clonazepam) among others. Valium is used to help treat and manage anxiety disorders as well as agitation, alcohol withdrawal, and seizures. The drug works by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)—a neurotransmitter—in the brain in order to produce a calming effect.

Valium (diazepam) was developed by the Swiss pharmaceutical company Hoffmann-La Roche in the early 1960s and was approved for use in 1963. It was the second benzodiazepine to be invented by Dr. Leo Sternbach and was two and a half times more effective then its predecessor Librium. Sales of valium quickly skyrocketed and it became the top-selling drug in the United States from 1969 to 1982, reaching its peak in 1978 when 2.3 billion tablets were sold.

Before taking Valium, it is important to share your complete medical history with your doctor. Certain medications can negatively interact with Valium, so it is imperative that your physician is aware of all the drugs you currently take before prescribing valium. You should not use Valium if you are allergic to diazepam or if you have liver disease, a breathing problem, sleep apnea, or if you are pregnant as it can cause birth defects to an unborn baby. Do not drink alcohol while taking valium. Valium may be habit forming and should only used as your doctor has prescribed. Do not share the medication with others and keep it in a secure location, especially away from children and individuals with a history of drug abuse.

Since Valium is habit forming, the medication should only be used for short-term therapy. Individuals who are prescribed the drug for long periods of time have a higher chance of experiencing withdrawal symptoms once they discontinue taking the drug. Withdrawal symptoms include sweating, trouble sleeping, stomach pain, and muscle cramps.

Valium has a range of side effects. Some of the most common ones include: drowsiness, insomnia, impaired motor function, and memory problems. Some serious side effects that require immediate medical attention are: thoughts of suicide, hallucinations, muscle tremors, and flu-like symptoms. If you experience any of the serious symptoms listed above, call your doctor at once.

Valium has the potential for abuse and for many long-term users it can lead to dependence. It is usually taken as a secondary drug of abuse, mainly used to increase the effectiveness of the “high” caused by the primary drug. Overdosing on valium, especially if taken with alcohol, can lead to coma, respiratory failure, and in the most severe instances death.

For more information on valium, consult with your doctor or pharmacist.
 

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Xanax

Posted on June 1, 2010 in Prescription Drug Addiction

Xanax, also known by its generic name Alprazolman, belongs to the class of medications called benzodiazepines and is a Schedule IV controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA). The drug affects the chemicals in the brain by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a chemical in the body that is naturally calming. When the GABA receptor is affected by the drug certain nerve signals in the brain are slowed down or stopped, relieving the patient from feelings of panic and depression.

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Anxiety during Withdrawal from Cocaine

Posted on April 12, 2010 in Recovery

Relapse is common among those struggling to overcome an addiction to cocaine. Besides the physical ailments associated with discontinuing use of a drug, often psychological factors cause the drug user to be susceptible to a relapse.

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