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Tag: alcoholism

Intoxicated Drinkers Will Pay Premium for Just One More

Posted on August 15, 2015 in Alcohol Addiction

 

Intoxicated Drinkers Will Pay Premium for Just One MoreNew findings from a group of American researchers point toward a spike in alcohol cravings and the willingness to pay for alcohol access in intoxicated drinkers.

Alcohol cravings are strong urges for alcohol use that can potentially indicate the presence of alcohol use disorder (alcoholism and/or non-addicted alcohol abuse) in a person who habitually drinks in heavy or excessive amounts. In a study published in March 2015 in the journal Addiction, researchers from the University of Missouri sought to determine if alcohol cravings increase significantly in people under the influence of alcohol intoxication. These researchers also sought to determine if intoxicated consumers experience real-world changes in their demands for alcohol and their willingness to pay in order to keep drinking.

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Japan Drowning under a Deluge of Addiction

Posted on April 23, 2015 in Research & News

Japan Drowning under a Deluge of AddictionWaves of addiction are a public health crisis that all nations must deal with from time to time. For example, in the United States there is currently much concern about the shocking growth in heroin consumption. It is feared this disturbing development may lead the country into a new sordid age of excess, reminiscent of the crack and methamphetamine plagues of the ‘80s and ‘90s.

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Study Locates Gene Variation Linked to Greater Risk of Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder and Alcoholism

Posted on October 21, 2014 in Research & News

Study Locates Gene Variation Linked to Greater Risk of Schizophrenia, Bipolar Disorder and AlcoholismA recent study conducted at the University College London has added to a growing body of knowledge about how and where genetic mutations affect a person’s risk for developing certain illnesses. The new study identifies a specific and rarely occurring (showing up in just one out of every 200 individuals) gene variation linked to a higher risk for serious mental health conditions such as alcoholism, bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. Having a variant of the gene GRM3 increases a person’s likelihood of alcoholism or schizophrenia by as much as two or three times and the risk of bipolar disorder threefold.

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Can a Saliva Test Help Doctors Detect the Presence of Alcoholism?

Posted on September 13, 2014 in Research & News

Can a Saliva Test Help Doctors Detect the Presence of Alcoholism?Saliva is the water-based fluid that helps keep the mouth moist, provides protection from certain invading microorganisms and starts the process of breaking down food consumed. When a person drinks excessive amounts of alcohol, signs of this consumption appear as detectable changes in saliva content. In a study published in the journal Alcohol and Alcoholism, a team of Polish researchers looked for changes in human saliva that can accurately point toward the presence of alcoholism. These researchers found several potential candidates for an alcoholism marker in saliva, including one candidate most likely to serve as an accurate test.

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Acamprosate, Naltrexone Help Alcoholics Stay Sober

Posted on August 25, 2014 in Alcohol Addiction

Acamprosate, Naltrexone Help Alcoholics Stay SoberAlcoholism has been treated for decades with counseling and support groups. These treatment measures have helped a great number of people, but for many, they just aren’t enough. Some alcoholics keep going back to drinking and spend decades battling the illness. Researchers have developed several medications that are approved for treating alcoholism and other addictions. Studies have shown that they can help alcoholics quit drinking when combined with support and therapy. Acamprosate and naltrexone have been the most effective for patients.  Nalmefene and topiramate are two other drugs that are useful for some patients. 

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Drugs and Alcohol: Their Relative Crash Risk

Posted on August 11, 2014 in Research & News

Drugs and Alcohol: Their Relative Crash RiskAlcohol and drugs are known for their ability to produce impairments that can seriously reduce a person’s ability to safely operate a car, truck or motorcycle. Each year, significant numbers of people under the influence of alcohol or drugs are involved in some sort of motor vehicle accident. In a study published in January 2014 in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, a team of American researchers compared the chances that a driver under the influence of drugs will get involved in a fatal car crash to the chances that a driver under the influence of alcohol will get involved in such a crash.

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The Phenomenon of the Dry Drunk

Posted on July 31, 2014 in Alcohol Addiction

A dry drunk sounds like a contradictory term and, in many ways, it is. Psychologists and addiction experts define dry drunk as a person who has overcome alcoholism, but retains many of the negative thoughts, feelings and behaviors she had when she was drinking. In other words, the alcohol is gone, but the symptoms are still there. The same phenomenon can occur with a drug addict, but the term dry drunk is still used. If you have a dry drunk in your life, you must encourage her to continue with her treatment for addiction.

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Few Alcoholics Get Meds to Treat Addiction

Posted on July 15, 2014 in Alcohol Addiction

Few Alcoholics Get Meds to Treat AddictionFor decades, alcoholics have largely been treated through 12-step programs and support groups. While these still play an important role in recovery, more modern treatment advances, including medications, are not being fully utilized. Research tells us that addiction is a chronic medical condition, yet very few addicts get quality treatment when compared to other chronic illnesses. The medications naltrexone and acamprosate have been proven to help addicts get clean, yet only 10 percent take them. If we can make changes in how alcoholics get care, more people will be able to get sober and stay sober. 

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Studies Target Links Between Alcoholism and Depression

Posted on June 20, 2014 in Alcohol Addiction

Studies Target Links Between Alcoholism and DepressionAlcohol addiction is a devastating condition. Abuse of alcohol can wreck a person’s physical health, their career, and their important life relationships. Sadly, substance abuse rarely shows up in isolation. Many times addiction is accompanied by a co-occurring mental health condition. This is called comorbidity. A good deal of the time what shows up with alcohol addiction is depression.

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Extended-Release Naltrexone Offers Promise for Alcoholics, Opioid Addicts

Posted on May 20, 2014 in Research & News

Extended-Release Naltrexone Offers Promise for Alcoholics, Opioid AddictsTreating opiate and alcohol addiction could prove more effective and less costly with the use of time-release, injected naltrexone, a University of Oregon study has concluded.

Why? Because users were more likely to comply with the medication on a once-monthly cycle of injections than they were to take a pill every day, the authors reported.

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